Georgia Department of Early Care and Learning

School Readiness

The first of the National Education Goals states "all children will start school ready to learn." Within the context of the nature of four year olds and how they learn, Georgia has formulated a definition of school readiness. We believe school readiness must be defined within the context of families and how they live. It must be defined within the context of communities and the services they provide. And, it must be defined within the context of schools and their readiness for children.

A child's readiness for school is when...

  • possible health barriers that block learning have been detected,
  • suspected physical or mental disabilities have been addressed,
  • enthusiasm, curiosity, and persistence toward learning is demonstrated,
  • feelings of both self and others are recognized,
  • social and interpersonal skills are emerging,
  • communication with others is effective,
  • early literacy skills are evident, and
  • a general knowledge about the world, things, places, events, and people has been acquired.

Indicators for each dimension of school readiness include but are not limited to the following:

...possible health barriers that block learning have been detected

  • Eye, Ear, and Dental Screenings will detect problems related to seeing, hearing, and dental health.
  • Immunizations will be on schedule.
  • Diseases and other health issues will be detected as early as possible.
  • Rate of growth and mobility within acceptable ranges will be determined.

...suspected physical or mental disabilities have been addressed

  • Suspected physical and mental disabilities will be detected and referrals will be made as early as possible.

...enthusiasm, curiosity, and persistence toward learning is demonstrated

  • Attitudes toward and interest in learning will demonstrate a readiness to learn.
  • Persistence in completing tasks will be evident.

...feelings of both self and others are recognized

  • Feelings will be identified and expressed appropriately.
  • Feelings of others will be understood and accepted.
  • An increasing capacity for self-control will be evident.

...social and interpersonal skills are emerging

  • Ability to work or play cooperatively with others will be evident.
  • Ability to form appropriate relationships with children and adults will be demonstrated.
  • Emerging conflict resolution skills will be evident.
  • Increasing capacity to follow rules and routines will be evident.

...communication with others is effective

  • Listening skills will be evident.
  • Ability to follow simple directions will be evident.
  • Expressing needs and wants will be demonstrated.
  • Use of language to interact socially with others will be demonstrated.
  • Ability to describe people, places, things, and events will be evident.
  • Ability to ask and answer age-appropriate questions will be demonstrated.

...early literacy skills are evident

  • Association between spoken and written words will be recognized.
  • Understanding of beginning alphabetic knowledge will be demonstrated.
  • Ability to discriminate sounds will be evident.
  • Knowledge of basic book and story components will be evident.
  • Use of shapes and marks to convey meaning will be demonstrated.
  • Writing letters to represent word and syllables will be demonstrated

...a general knowledge about the world, things, places, events, and people has been acquired

  • Recognition of name will be evident.
  • Basic awareness of self, family, and community will be demonstrated.
  • Knowledge of simple science concepts will be evident.
  • Knowledge of simple math concepts will be evident.
  • Ability to count up to 10 will be evident.
  • Basic understanding of shapes and colors will be demonstrated.
  • Ability to sort and classify objects will be evident.